The quality of life shared by mankind has improved with the development of materials. The material industry includes conventional metals and ceramics, semiconductors, ferroelectrics, optical and magnetic materials for information technology and electronics, composites, metallic alloys and batteries and sensors for energy and sustainable environment related industries. Materials have been developed with the basic role of improving advanced industry.
More recently, materials have been playing important roles in the developing IT, NT, and BT fields. Materials science and engineering deals with condensed matter and covers the physical and chemical principles controlling atomic bonding to form new compounds, phases, and micro- and nano-structures.
The core of materials science is the understanding of the phenomenological and mechanical relationship between micro- and nano-structures and behavior and characteristics.
Materials engineering is based on materials science and deals with the economical synthesis and production engineering of desired forms and required quantities of materials having particular properties. Basic understanding in materials science is applied to related processing. The properties, performance, and functionality of materials are improved on the basis of investigations in the area of materials science and engineering. This work contributes to improving the quality of life of mankind through the development of materials having innovative properties, high performance, and diverse functionality. In the coming innovative materials era, the department must offer specialization, internationalization, and interdisciplinary research and education. Materials science and engineering is a scholastic field of continuous growth and expansion and one of the most exciting and challenging fields of engineering.