Date 2022-04-26 
Time 16:00 
Title Stabilization of Oxygen-redox Reaction for High-energy Li-rich Cathodes 

학과 정기 세미나 안내

■ 제 목 Stabilization of Oxygen-redox Reaction for High-energy Li-rich Cathodes


 연 사:  서동화 교수 (울산과학기술원 에너지화학공학과)                  


■  일 시:  2022년 4월 26(화) 오후 4시 


 ■ Host :  정성윤 교수 


■ 참가자 접속정보 (3:50분까지 참가를 부탁드립니다)        

               (pw: kaistmse1)
 Abstract :   
Oxygen redox in Li-excess oxide cathodes has been recently attracting great attention because it can provide the extra capacity in addition to the capacity from their transition metal (TM) redox. For examples, layered Li-excess Ni-Mn-Co oxides, layered Li-excess Ru-Sn oxides, cation-disordered Li-excess TM-Nb oxides and cation-disordered Li-excess Ni-Ti-Mo oxide systems can deliver much larger capacities than their theoretical TM redox capacities and these excess capacities have been explained by O redox. It is now understood that unhybridized O 2p states of O ions that are linearly coordinated by two Li ions (Li-O-Li configuration) in the Li-excess structure are the source of electrons for the oxygen redox processes.[1] However, it was found that the oxygen becomes less stable with oxidation and stabilizes with various forms: peroxo-like species formation, the hole localization on the O ions, and peroxide/superoxide/O2 molecule formation. Understanding which factors that can affect the stabilization of oxidized oxygen is important as this would deepen our understanding of the stabilization of O redox against O loss which is detrimental to the cathode performance, yet there is no clear explanation at this point. In this talk, I will present the first-principles results on the distribution of excess Li[2] and the effect of Li-excess level[3] on the stability of oxidized oxygen in Li-excess cathode materials.
1. D.-H. Seo, J. Lee,  A. Urban, R. Malik, S. Kang, G. Ceder, "The structural and chemical origin of the oxygen redox activity in layered and cation-disordered Li-excess cathode materials", Nature Chem., 8, 692 (2016)
2. J. Hwang, S. Myeong, E. Lee, H. Jang, M. Yoon, H. Cha, J. Sung, M. G. Kim*, D.-H. Seo*, J. Cho*, "Lattice-oxygen stabilized Li- and Mn-rich cathodes with submicron particles by modifying the excess-Li distribution", Adv. Mater., 33, 2100352 (2021)
3. J. Lee*, C. Wang, R. Malik, Y. Dong, Y. Huang, D.-H. Seo*, J. Li*, "Determining the criticality of Li-excess for disordered-rocksalt Li-ion battery cathodes", Adv. Energy Mater., 11, 2100204 (2021)