신소재공학과

Seminar

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Date 20181120

▣ MSE Special Seminar 

  

■ Title Novel nickel-hydroxide/oxyhydroxide actuating material that can be triggered by both light and electricity

 

■ Speaker : Prof. Alfonso H. W. Ngan (Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Hong Kong)

 

■ Date and Time : 2018/11/20 (Tue), 14:00~15:00

 

■ Venue : Conference Room #1 (Applied Engineering Building W1-1, #2430)

 

■ Host : Prof. Hyuck-Mo Lee, Seung Min Han

 

■ Abstract : Here we report a novel actuating material – nickel hydroxide-oxyhydroxide – that exhibits enormous actuation due to a volume change stimulated either electrochemically, or by illumination of visible light of low intensities. For electrochemical actuation, Ni(OH)2/NiOOH is capable of undergoing fast, reversible, and large actuation in alkaline electrolytes under potentials of less than 1 V, due to a redox reaction involving volume changes. On the other hand, the light actuation of Ni(OH)2/NiOOH is due to its turbostratic crystal structure which is capable of intercalating water molecules. It is shown that the intercalated water can be rapidly and reversibly desorbed into the environment under visible light of low intensities, resulting in fast actuation driven wirelessly by light.

    By electroplating the actuating material on passive substrates, we have fabricated film-actuators capable of undergoing reversible bending and curling with an intrinsic actuating stress of tens of megapascals at response rates in the order of tens to hundreds of degrees per second, which are comparable to mammalian skeletal muscles. Also, by intentionally electroplating the nickel hydroxide-oxyhydroxide on selected areas of the substrate, we have also fabricated actuation devices of varies shapes and functions, e.g. a hinged actuator that can lift objects ~100 times of the weight of the actuating material is achieved, and other examples showing the potential use in robotic devices. The light-induced actuation mechanism reported here has the potential for realizing wirelessly powered micro-robotic devices.

 

Related publications:

[1] K.W. Kwan, S.J. Li, N.Y. Hau, W.D. Li, S.P. Feng and A.H.W. Ngan, (2018), “Light-stimulated actuators based on nickel hydroxide-oxyhydroxide”, Science Robotics3, eaat4051.  

[2] K.W. Kwan, N.Y. Hau, S.P. Feng and A.H.W. Ngan, (2017), “Electrochemical actuation of nickel hydroxide/oxyhydroxide at sub-volt voltages”, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 248, 657-664.

Atachment
Attachment '2'

List of Articles
No. Category Subject Author Date Views
Notice Regular 03/26 (Tue) Prof. Jae-Byum Chang (KAIST MSE) ADMINI 2019.03.22 9
Notice Regular 03/19 (Tue) Dr. YangKoo Cho (Korea Research Institute of Standard and Science) ADMINI 2019.03.18 95
Notice Regular 3/12 (Tue) Prof. Chang Dong Yoo (KAIST EE) ADMINI 2019.03.12 93
Notice Regular 2/26 (Tue) Dr. Hye-Young Kim (Senior Venture Association) ADMINI 2019.02.22 201
Notice Special 1/28 (Mon) Prof. Yongjin Lee (Shanghai Tech Univ.) ADMINI 2019.01.23 518
Notice Regular 12/4 (Tue) Prof. Doo Seok Jeong (Hanyang Univ., Department of MSE) ADMINI 2018.11.30 864
Notice Regular 11/27 (Tue) Prof. Seong-Jun Jeong (Soongsil Univ.) ADMINI 2018.11.26 709
249 Special 2/13 (Tue) Prof. Sungkyu Kim (Northwestern Univ) ADMINI 2018.01.31 540
248 Special 1/9 (Tue) Dr. Choon Won Byeon, ETRI ADMINI 2018.01.09 540
247 12/23 (Sat) Prof. Liangbing (Bing) Hu/Univ. of Maryland file ADMINI 2017.12.22 552
246 Regular 11/28 (Tue) Dr. Woo-Jin Lee (Ministry of Science and ICT.) ADMINI 2017.11.24 1203
245 Special 11/24 (Fri) Takashi NOGUCH (University of the Ryukyus) ADMINI 2017.11.23 878
244 Special 11/21 (Tue) Dr. Young Ki Lee (ETRI) file ADMINI 2017.11.20 1044
243 Special 11/22 (Wed) Prof. Sung Hoon Kang (Johns Hopkins University) file ADMINI 2017.11.20 1280
242 Regular 11/21 (Tue) Dr. Byoung Koun Min, (KIST) ADMINI 2017.11.17 1456
241 Special 11/13 (Mon) Dr. Hans Aage Hiuler (Danish Power System) ADMINI 2017.11.10 1524
240 Special 11/13 (Mon) Prof. Jens Oluf Jensen (Technical University of Denmark) ADMINI 2017.11.10 786
239 Regular 11/14 (Tue) Prof. Jae-Byum Chang (Sungkyunkwan Univ) ADMINI 2017.11.10 755
238 Regular 11/7 (Tue) Prof. Su-Mi Hur (Chonnam National University) ADMINI 2017.11.05 603
237 Regular 10/31 (Tue) Director Jang Sae Young (Samsung Electronics) ADMINI 2017.10.26 616
236 Special 11/6 (Mon) Prof. Redouane Borsali (Grenoble Alpes University) ADMINI 2017.10.26 773
235 Special 11/6 ~ 7 Prof. Erik Luijten (Northwestern University) file ADMINI 2017.10.25 642
234 Special 10/23 ~ 24 Prof. Paul C. McIntyre (Stanford University) file ADMINI 2017.10.25 566
233 Regular 10/24 (Tue) Prof. Sun-Jae Kim (Sejong, Univ) ADMINI 2017.10.20 1006
232 Special 10/19 (Thu) Prof. Sang Cheol, Jung (Suncheon University) ADMINI 2017.10.18 1328
231 Regular 10/10 (Tue) Dr. Joo Choi (POSCO) ADMINI 2017.09.29 2253
230 Regular 9/26 (Tue) Prof. Tae-Woo Lee (Seoul National University) ADMINI 2017.09.22 1484
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